FACTS ABOUT MAZARRON
Situation: In the south-east of Spain, in the region of Murcia, on the Mediterranean sea.
Geographical co-ordinates: 1-20 "West and 37-40" North.
Area: 318 square kilometres.
Population: About 21.000 inhabitants.
Climate : Mild winters and warm summers.
Average annual temperature: approximately 18'5
Sun hours per year: 3.000 approximately.
Average rainfall per year: 260 litres per square metre.
Season with most rainfall: autumn (October).
Landscape/Relief: Mazarron is
a dry plain, crossed by low mountain ranges and a wide dry river
Vegetation: esparto, thyme, rosemary, agave fig trees...,. carrasco pine (reforested).
Fauna: rabbit, have, partridge.
Agriculture: Talking advantage
of the gentle climate, the principal source of wealth are vegetables.
They are cultivated in the open air and in greenhouses, both sorts being highly technifield.
Tomatoes: Mazarron is one of the most important producers.
Secondary crops: melon, cucumber and peppers.
The water for irrigation is extracted from underground and from the most modern plants for desalination of sea water.
Fishing: Coastal fishing (sardines, anchovies, shellfish.)
Tourism: Is the
second source of wealth.
Very few hotels (highest category is 3-star) but in general, clear and well equipped, and
excellent value for money.
Many flats are on offer to next.
High season: July, August, September and Easter.
Places to visit: 16th Century castle
and churches. (paintings, Mudejar crafted). Watch-out towers against
19th Century town-hall, old mines, Enchanted town and coves (high-geological interest)
desalination plant and fish auction.
Set itineraries exist.
as well as connections with the regional cities (Murcia, Cartagena,
Buses direct to Madrid (only in summer) and with Granada, Malaga and Almeria (all through the year).
Gastronomy : based on local products, like fish and shellfish on the coast and rabbit, tomatoes and pepper inland.
Leisure activities, culture and free time:
Maritime club, regattas, diving, fishing, water-skiing canoeing, water-scooters?, windsurfing.
Parachuting, climbing, horse-riding, cycling, archery, skating, aerobics, go-karting, tennis,
fronton, bowls, sauna, squash, athletics.
Martial arts; various workshops, dances, public library, performances, concerts, theatre.
Carnival, St. Joseph, Easter, St. Anthony , the Assumption, local pilgrimage (November),
town festival. (first week in December).
Story competition "Cut from the Elm" Segado del Olmo (Information at the Universidad Popular).
Prehistoric: Several mineral deposits until 35,000 BC.
Copper Age: Some mineral deposits. The most famous is the one at Cueva del Plomo the first with walls. (can be visited).
7th Cent. B.C.: First Phoenician boat discovered.
3rd Cent. B.C.: Carthaginous.
The Romans exploited the iron and silver mines, unirrigated agriculture, fishing and fish salting (or curing)
Remained until 5th Cent. A.C.
12th Cent A.C.: Arab traces in exploitation of red-ochre mines.
1462 A.C.: Intensive exploitation of
the red-ochre and alum mines.
Danger of North-African piracy.
1572 A.C.: Felipe II concedes the title
of Villa de Almazarron which signifies the segregation of Lorca.
During the following centuries the history develops round piracy (until 18th Cent), unirrigated crops,
fishing and the ups and downs in the exploitation of red-ochre and alum.
19th Cent. A.C.: head-mining, abandoned
since Roman tuines, is recommenced.
The high-point is reached in 1900. In fifty years the population has quadrupled, reaching 23.000 inhabitants.
2Oth Cent A.C.:
In the 1950's the extraction of red-ochre and alum and its industry disappears and tourist
The population is reduced to a little more than 9.000 inhabitants.
In the 60´, the rest of the mining industry, (lead, silver, zinc and iron) disappears and the
new intensive, irrigated agriculture emerges.
At present, the population reaches 17.000 inhabitants attracted by tourism and agriculture.
Painters: Domingo Valdivieso, Agustín
Soldier and Politician: General Gómez Jordana.
Interestins contacts local:
Town Hall: 968 50 01 19
Turism office: 968 59 44 26
Centro de Información Juvenil (CIADJ) 968 59 18 92
Universidad Popular: 968 59 17 66
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